If you are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue and sleepiness during daytime, insomnia, poor attention and concentration, having memory problems, frequently irritable, experience anxiety, periodic headaches, and even having a hard time performing duties at work, then it is time to see your doctor as you might be experiencing sleep apnea. These symptoms look innocent and simple to you however, the best sleep apnea treatment is not a simple illness but can lead to different kinds of complications if not treated well.
What Is The Best Sleep Apnea Treatment
It is a sleeping disorder which is characterized by pauses or shortness in breathing or airflow while the person is asleep. It is recognized that this condition is usually encountered by adults and not so much on children. In simple words, sleep apnea occurs when the person ceases breathing for seconds (usually ten seconds or more). Sleep apnea also occurs when there is total stoppage of airflow or significant drop in oxygen levels in the blood as a direct consequence in the reduction or stoppage in breathing that result in hindering the transfer of oxygen into the blood. Apnea occurrence can be calculated and measured over a period of two hours sleeping and that is counting shortness of breath occurrence while sleeping versus the number of hours of sleep. The greater that Apnea Index the more serious sleep apnea the individual experiences.
There are different types of sleep apnea and these are obstructive and central. The former results from airway blockage and the latter occur when the brain fails to alert muscles to breathe. There is a third type of sleep apnea which is called mixed sleep apnea and as the term implies it refers to the combination of both sleep apnea condition. Regardless of the condition, the individual
What Are The Causes of Sleep Apnea
- Since there are different types of this sleeping order, it is just right to segregate the causes according to types.
- Obstructive sleep apnea causes – this type of apnea occurs when the muscles at the back of the throat relaxes and air passage closes or narrows each time you breathe thus it results to lower oxygen in the blood and the brain alerts you to wake up from your sleep so you can open again the air passages. This momentary waking up moment is so brief that the individual hardly remembers the situation. The individual might make choking, gasping, and snorting sound and repeats many times while sleeping and cause sleep disruptions.
- Central sleep apnea causes – there are a certain number of conditions that impact the ability of brainstem that links brain and spinal cord and controls several functions like heartbeat and breathing. The cause varies depending on the type of central apnea the individual suffers like drug-induced apnea, Cheyne-Stokes breathing, and medically induced sleep apnea for example.
What Are The Effects Of Sleep Apnea
The obvious effect is sleep disruption however, there are other consequences that many people are not aware of. Recent studies have shown that obstructive sleep apnea is linked to brain lesions and silent strokes, depression, abrupt hearing loss, blood vessel abnormalities, heart disease, and stroke, and high blood pressure. Studies also have shown that sleep apnea is linked with dementia among women.
As a whole, if this sleeping disorder is left untreated it can cause slow recovery in stroke attack if the individual has sleep apnea. It can also promote type 2 diabetes as studies have shown that blood sugar levels are quite higher for people experiencing OSA and treating obstructive best sleep apnea treatment (OSA) will help improve levels of blood sugar in the individual. There are also studies which linked obstructive sleep apnea and premature death and it affects middle-aged men as OSA is associated with cardiovascular diseases.
How to Treat Sleep Apnea
If the sleep apnea condition is not serious your doctor might recommend changes in lifestyle like managing your weight or quit smoking. Now, if lifestyle modification does not work, there are other solutions that might be recommended.
If you want therapies, your options are as follows:
- CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) – intended for moderate to severe apnea and it is a machine that provides air pressure using a mask attached to your nose to open upper air passages thus you get rid of snoring and apnea.
- EPAP(expiratory positive airway pressure – the most current and are place in the individual nostril to allow air to move freely helping the airway open by putting air pressure.
- Adjustable airway pressure –as the name implies it is a device unlike CPAP, it automatically adjust air pressure while you are sleeping.
- Oral gadgets that are designed specifically to open the air passages in the throat by adjusting the jaw and help you manage snoring and mild OSA.
Surgery is another method and it calls for enlarging the air passages in the throat and nose by removing blockages that cause sleep apnea such as tissue removal, repositioning of jaw, implants, nasal surgery, and tracheostomy or create new air passages.
Now that you know important ideas about sleep apnea, it is time to visit your doctor especially if you experience different symptoms associated with it.